A solar eclipse is a distinctive astronomical event. How does it happen and what are its types?

2023-09-24 2023-09-24T22:51:42Z
طقس العرب
طقس العرب
فريق تحرير طقس العرب

Arabia Weather - The solar eclipse is one of the most exciting and contemplative astronomical phenomena in the world of astronomy. A solar eclipse can be described as a magical moment that occurs when the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun, partially or completely blocking the Sun from Earth's view.

How does a solar eclipse occur?

A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the Earth and the sun, and the sun and the moon are in the same apparent line in the sky. This means that the Moon casts its shadow on the Earth's surface, blocking solar light from some areas on the Earth's surface.

What are the types of solar eclipses?

  1. Partial solar eclipse : In this type, the moon passes in front of the sun, but does not completely cover it, so it appears as if the sun has shrunk to a smaller size because part of the moon appears in front of it.
  2. Total solar eclipse : In this type, the Moon passes completely in front of the Sun, completely obscuring the Sun for some time. This is the type that can have a special aesthetic where the day remains like night and the radiant solar corona appears.
  3. Annular solar eclipse : In this type, the Moon passes in front of the Sun but does not completely cover it. The moon appears as a small disk in the center of the sun, creating a radiant ring of light around the moon.

Hybrid solar eclipse

In addition to the three main types of solar eclipses, there is another type known as a hybrid eclipse or a total annular eclipse, which is considered a rare and unique phenomenon in which the type of eclipse changes as it travels across the Earth.

The phenomenon of hybrid eclipse occurs when the moon blocks multiple parts of the sun in different areas of the Earth. In some areas, people see a total solar eclipse, in which the moon completely covers the sun, while in other areas, people see an “annular solar eclipse,” in which the moon appears as a dark disk in the middle. Radioactive ring

The phenomenon of a hybrid solar eclipse occurs once every 10 years, and the last time was in April 2023.

Are there benefits to the solar eclipse phenomenon?

  1. The phenomenon of a solar eclipse helps in adjusting astronomical calculations regarding the Hijri-Arabic months.
  2. It also helps in studying solar emissions that come out of sunlight and identifying harmful and beneficial rays
  3. In creating a solar atlas to determine the best places to establish solar energy projects.
  4. A solar eclipse is an opportunity to observe the sun's corona, which is the upper layer of the sun's atmosphere, which can only be viewed when the eclipse occurs.
  5. In addition to the role of the eclipse in studying coronal emissions that affect the Earth, communications, satellites, and electrical power networks
  6. The eclipse phenomenon helps study the ionosphere, which is the upper layer of the Earth's atmosphere. This layer is charged with solar radiation that can affect radio waves.

Does a solar eclipse affect the weather?

A solar eclipse affects the temperatures in the area in which it occurs, as temperatures decrease depending on the duration of the eclipse, the amount of moisture in the air, and the amount of the moon’s shadow, and may reach 3 degrees. Humid air has a greater heat capacity than dry air, so when the air is humid it will take longer. To heat or cool.

In addition to affecting temperatures, a solar eclipse affects the speed and direction of winds in the area located in the moon’s shadow, depending on the cooling and heating areas, and what is called eclipse winds arises here.

Read also:

The most prominent astronomical phenomena that the world will witness in October 2023

This article was written originally in Arabic and is translated using a 3rd party automated service. ArabiaWeather is not responsible for any grammatical errors whatsoever.
See More
Related News
Video: Badr Shaaban graced the skies of Saudi Arabia last Saturday

Video: Badr Shaaban graced the skies of Saudi Arabia last Saturday

A spacecraft enters the moon in preparation for the first landing in more than 50 years

A spacecraft enters the moon in preparation for the first landing in more than 50 years

Ramadan fasting hours 2024-1445 in Abu Dhabi - UAE and the number of fasting hours in Ramadan 2024 in Abu Dhabi

Ramadan fasting hours 2024-1445 in Abu Dhabi - UAE and the number of fasting hours in Ramadan 2024 in Abu Dhabi

Ramadan fasting hours 2024-1445 in Dubai - UAE and the number of fasting hours in Ramadan 2024 in Dubai

Ramadan fasting hours 2024-1445 in Dubai - UAE and the number of fasting hours in Ramadan 2024 in Dubai