Weather of Arabia - The southern parts of the European continent are actually starting to be affected by a heat wave, characterized by its long period of impact and dryness, bringing with it a very hot and unusual atmosphere for the southern regions of the European continent, which is known for its mild weather in summer, and is considered a destination for tourists at this time of the year.
In the details, a hot air mass rushed from the African Sahara towards the south of the European continent, represented by the Balkan countries , Italy , the southern parts of Romania and western Turkey , to raise temperatures in those areas to exceed their normal rates by more than 10-15 degrees Celsius, to resolve the weather Very hot, exhausting and dry, and in complete contrast, the western parts of the old continent live a series of cold air masses, and this is what distinguishes the location of the European continent, its south is close to the African deserts, and its north is close to the North Pole.
It is expected that temperatures will touch the mid-40s, and this level is sufficient to trigger the term "heat wave" according to the climate records of those countries, and given the dry mass of the characteristics, which increases the risk of forest fires significantly.
The African continent is the source of heat waves affecting the European continent, as the air mass has rapidly begun to spread from North Africa during the past two days towards the southern parts of the European continent, to push a hot air mass from the African Sahara towards southern Europe, not only that, but this coincides The air mass with the presence of a cold air mass in the western part of the European continent and the Atlantic Ocean, which means limiting the hot air mass for a longer period of time with its intensification during the coming days, God willing .
When reviewing the expected weather systems in the northern hemisphere, it is expected that the air heights will continue to dominate southern and eastern Europe in the coming days, coinciding with the rush of cold air masses towards western Europe, and this air system comes as a result of sensing heating in many areas of the Atlantic Ocean, which In turn, it pushes cold air masses along its classic trajectory from northwestern Europe.
The air rise in the upper layers of the atmosphere heats the air in the lower layers of the atmosphere due to a dynamic process called heating under pressure, through the rebound of air currents rising from the surface of the earth, and the emission of “sunken currents” causing a rise in temperatures, and the terrain factor cannot be neglected, Hot and dry winds blow from the mountain chain towards the adjacent areas, just as it happens in Jeddah and Makkah Al Mukarramah during the Saba winds blowing from the Taif Mountains down towards Makkah and Jeddah, so temperatures rise sharply and dramatically, which is what is known as the Fohn phenomenon.