Arab Weather - The Arab Weather Center for Meteorology and Weather Forecasting launched the first regional platform for early warning of dust and sand storms, believing in the importance of providing weather services and information at the highest level in light of rapid climate changes and as an important goal to adapt to the great challenges in the world's climate, including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia .
Both sand and dust storms are a common weather hazard in arid and semi-arid regions such as the Arabian Peninsula, and are usually caused by thunderstorms or extreme variations in atmospheric pressure values, which cause high wind activity, which in turn carries large amounts of sand and dust from the land Barren and barren, and transported for distances ranging from hundreds to thousands of kilometers sometimes.
Within the framework of the efforts of Arab weather to confront climate changes, we considered the importance of launching a website specialized in early warning of dust and sandstorms with international standards to monitor dusty phenomena, because of their repercussions and direct effects on the environment, human health, and various sectors, especially with the increasing incidence of dust in the region. Perhaps the past spring is the best witness to this increase, especially with the high rates of drought and the lack of vegetation in the region, which in turn leads to loose soil with particles and small particles that the wind can easily lift and carry and transfer from one place to another once the weather systems causing dust storms occur.
This platform includes many integrated weather solutions anywhere in the world, and this helps in the decision-making process of the competent authorities accurately and before a sufficient and very appropriate period of time, to face the potential risks resulting from dust storms, and this system, thanks to God, depends on complex mathematical algorithms and equations. The initial data is converted from numerical atmospheric models, after merging, processing and correction, taking into account the topography of the regions away from the expectations of the global models, and also taking into account the physical conditions after entering the values of horizontal and vertical wind movement, flash speed, moisture values on the surface and other values.