ArabiaWeather - The camera is a machine used to take still or moving photographs (video), and it is based on installing several lenses inside a sealed case, which contains an opening to pass light during the process of photographing a particular scene.
The term “ camera ” in European languages came from the Arabic word “ Qumra, ” which means the closed dark place, and it is a word referring to the “dark room” that Ibn al-Haytham used in his visual experiments. Ibn al-Haytham was the first to present a description of the camera in the course of his study of science. Optics in Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo.
Ibn al-Haytham corrected some of the concepts prevalent at that time, and to him the principles of the invention of the camera are attributed. Ibn Al-Haytham provided the first clear description and correct analysis of the dark camera and the pinhole camera. Although Aristotle, Theon of Alexandria, al-Kindi, and the Chinese philosopher Muzi had previously described the effects of a single light passing through a small hole, none of them mentioned that this light would show on the screen the image of everything on the other side of that focus.
Ibn al-Haytham was the first to explain this experience with his lamp, so he was the first to succeed in the project of transferring an image from the outside to an internal screen as in the dark camera, whose name in the West derived from the Arabic word: “Qumra”, through the Latin word camera obscura, which means "The dark room".
Ibn al-Haytham is Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham (354 AH / 965 CE-430 AH / 1040 CE), an Arab Muslim scholar, who made great contributions in mathematics, optics, physics, astronomy, engineering, ophthalmology, scientific philosophy, visual perception and science in general, and he has many books and discoveries. Scientific confirmed by modern science.
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