Arab Weather - Bees are an important component of life on Earth, as they contribute to pollinating plants to get fruits, and they produce honey for us, although outdoor adventures are more fun in the spring and summer, winter picnics are almost free of the possibility of being bitten. Painful bees, as worker bees hide from the skies in the winter to be able to survive the cold like many insects, but where do the bees hide?
Watching honey bees is somewhat uncommon during the winter season. Although honey bee colony continues to operate throughout the year in climates where temperatures rarely drop below 10 degrees Celsius, it is only when temperatures drop below 10 degrees Celsius, these hardworking insects are busy trying to survive the winter cold and survive by staying inside the hive and forming winter groups to keep warm.
The bees prepare for the winter early, by making sure that the hive is safe and strongly built, that it contains abundant food and its stores are full of honey, and that in the hive there is a group of healthy, plump bees for the rest of the bees to stick to and get warm, there is a winter group of generation Certain bees possess different physiological characteristics from summer bees, so these bees are slightly more plump to preserve heat, and they have a longer life span that lasts throughout the winter months (4-6 months).
The honey bee community is usually divided into three classes: female workers, males, and queens, but usually the male bees solely responsible for fertilization dies during the winter months, leaving an all-female hive to fend for itself, and a swarm of female bees congregate to form a winter group, with The presence of the queen in the warmer part of the group, and the workers shivering and shaking to maintain the heat of the group, as the temperature can rise to 32 - 37 ° C inside the winter groups, while the temperatures in the outside part of the group can reach 10 ° C If the temperature outside the hive exceeds 10 ° C, the bees leave the hive momentarily to get rid of waste.
While honeybees largely preserve their own food and heat source to survive the cold winter months, it differs with other bee species, such as Bumble Bees , where most colony bees live for only one year, while entering The queen is hibernating during the winter, and as soon as the winter is over and the spring begins, the queen bee appears, and begins to establish an entirely new colony in preparation for the summer .
Similarly, live bees solitary (Solitary Bees) also for almost a year before dying, and this year put female bees and one egg, and build nests underground, gathered pollen and nectar to keep the future of her child, and eventually hatch the egg and graduated small bee from the nest before A short time after the mother dies, then she lives to perform the same previous routine.
There is also the family of wasps or wasps ( Wasps ) that defend themselves effectively. Although unfertilized males and females often die of starvation, the stronger wasps - like the queen - go into hibernation in order to stay alive, but they may suffer You are hungry and die if you come out of hibernation too early.
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