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Effects of sand storms on the environment and society

طقس العرب GO 2021-03-10 2021-03-10T18:59:25Z
رنا حسن
رنا حسن
محرر أخبار - قسم التواصل الاجتماعي
Effects of sand storms on the environment and society

<p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><strong>Arabia&#39;s weather</strong> - surface dust deposits are a source of nutrients for some continental and marine ecosystems, as desert dust is believed to fertilize the Amazon rainforest, and it is known that dust transfers of iron and phosphorous benefit some marine organisms in parts of the oceans that suffer from a deficiency of these elements.</p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>But dust also has many negative impacts on the environment and society, and here are some of them:</strong></h3><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></h3><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>1.</strong> <strong>Agriculture:</strong> Sandstorms and dust may negatively affect agriculture, as it reduces crop yields by burying seedlings, causing damage to plant tissues, reducing the ability of plants to carry out photosynthesis, and increasing soil erosion.</p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>2. Some water sources:</strong> The indirect effects of dust deposits include filling irrigation canals, covering channels that carry water, and affecting water quality in rivers and streams.</p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>3. Transportation sector:</strong> Airborne dust reduces visibility, which affects air and land transport, as poor visibility conditions pose a risk during the landing and take off of the plane, and thus sand and dust storms lead to diverting landings and delaying departure times, and dust can also It causes scratches on aircraft surfaces, damages engines, and causes damage to cars, especially when driving against the direction of a storm.</p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>4. Power sector:</strong> Dust can affect the output of solar power plants, especially those that rely on direct solar radiation. Dust deposited on solar panels is a major concern for station operators because dust particles block solar radiation, and it requires cleaning dust and maintaining energy collectors. The solar system is dust-free, takes great time and effort. </p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/uploads-2020/solar-power-plants-to-dirt-and-dust-in-desert-area.jpg" style="width: 310px; height: 310px;" /></p><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Effects on human health</strong></h3><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>1. Effects of sand and dust particles</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Dust flying in the air poses serious risks to human health, and the damage varies according to the size of dust particles, as it is the main determinant of the form of potential harm to human health, and there are two types of particles, namely:</p><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Particles larger than 10 μm in size:</strong> they are not breathable, and therefore can only damage external organs, and cause skin and eye irritation, conjunctivitis and increased susceptibility to eye infections.</li></ul><p style="margin-right:.5in;;text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Particles less than 10 μm in size:</strong> They are inhalable particles that enter the nose, mouth and upper respiratory tract, and thus can be associated with respiratory disorders such as asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, allergic rhinitis, and silicosis. And because dust can remain in the air for several days, this can cause outbreaks of allergies. Fine particles can penetrate the lower respiratory tract and enter the bloodstream, where they can affect all internal organs and be responsible for cardiovascular disorders.</li></ul><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>2. Transmission of infectious diseases</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Some infectious diseases can be transmitted through dust, including:</p><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Meningitis:</strong> It is a bacterial infection that affects the thin tissue layer that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, and it can lead to brain damage, and if not treated it leads to death in 50% of cases. Although this disease may occur in all parts of the world, the highest rate is found in areas called the &quot;meningitis belt&quot;, which is part of sub-Saharan Africa, where many studies have linked environmental conditions, such as low humidity and dusty conditions, to the time and place of infection. .</li></ul><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose and throat:</strong> Researchers believe that inhaling dust particles in hot and dry weather may damage the mucous membrane of the nose and throat, which creates a favorable condition for the occurrence of bacterial infection, moreover, iron oxides present in the dust particles may increase the risk of infection.</li></ul><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Valley Fever:</strong> Dust also plays a role in transmitting Valley Fever, a fatal disease that spreads in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico through dust storms, as the dust acts as a vector for pathogenic fungi spores.</li></ul><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p>

This article was written originally in Arabic and is translated using a 3rd party automated service. ArabiaWeather is not responsible for any grammatical errors whatsoever.

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