Arab Weather - Some people may experience sun exposure during the summer's high temperatures, especially those who have to work long hours in the sun without taking care and caution.
So what is sunstroke?
Sunstroke is defined as a health condition that occurs as a result of direct and long exposure to direct and glowing sunlight in the summer at high temperatures.
It is caused by an imbalance in the sensitive centers of the brain in general and the thermostat center in the brain in particular. It fails to keep the body temperature at its normal levels and occurs more often in the elderly, children, patients with heart disease, diabetes, drug and alcohol addicts, who are not used to the high temperature.
What are the symptoms of heat stroke?
- Raising the body temperature to 40.
- High blood pressure in the first stage and then its decrease in the advanced stage.
- Severe headache and turnover.
- Rapid and irregular heart beats, especially as the condition progresses.
- Skin redness
- difficulty breathing.
- Sweat secretion stopped.
- Pupil stenosis.
- Severe fatigue and muscle spasm.
- Heat stroke may cause fainting in the advanced stages
What is the scientific definition of a heat wave?
How to help someone with sunstroke:
- You must call an ambulance or civil defense immediately
- Transfer the injured to the shade and to a cold place.
- Take off a person's outer clothes.
- Keep the victim with his head raised above the level of the body
- Cool the body and head with cold water and compresses.
- Wrap the injured person with a rag or a sheet dampened in water or spray them with cold water constantly
- Or placing the person in a bath containing cold water, while avoiding the use of ice, for fear of contracting blood vessels.
- An air fan can be used to ventilate the injured.
- In case of respiratory failure, artificial respiration should be performed immediately
- Never expose the victim to hot weather or direct sunlight
- If the victim is in an advanced state, nothing is given orally.
- Transfer the injured to the nearest medical center to follow his condition in terms of breathing, pulse and pressure, where doctors give the necessary intravenous solutions, oxygen and treat muscle spasms with the necessary medicines.
Video: What is sunstroke and how can it be prevented?