ArabiaWeather - The Mediterranean is considered one of the most important seas throughout history and until today; Where it facilitated movement between different countries, and was the first means of assisting cultural exchange between the population, as it flourished in trade between continents and countries, and has a great impact on controlling the weather and climate, so what is the Mediterranean? How does he control the world around him?
The Mediterranean Sea is a body of water confined between three continents, so it was described as the Mediterranean , and the reason for its name white was due to its wide extension when sailing in it, as it appears in front of the sailors in a light color slanting to white.
Of the Mediterranean area of about 2.5 million km 2, and consists of two major basins separated by a rocky chain length of 140 km is called the threshold or Alentuh Alskulaih- Tunisian, extending between the head of Bonn in Sicily and Mersalh in Tunisia. The western basin of the Mediterranean is connected to the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar, which separates Africa and Europe, while the eastern basin extends eastward to the shores of the Levant.
The depth of the Mediterranean varies from region to region; Its depth reaches approximately 400 meters at its border with Tunisia, and more than 5,000 meters at its border with Greece.
The Mediterranean Sea is geographically located in the heart of the world , and today it is considered one of the busiest seas in the world, as a result of the movement of trade and shipping in it, it occupies a middle center for three important continents, and there are 22 countries that the Mediterranean represents part of its maritime borders, where it overlooks Thirteen countries from the continent of Europe on the northern side of the sea, five countries from the continent of Africa on the southern side of it, and four countries from the continent of Asia on the eastern side of it.
The Mediterranean is the largest center for loading, unloading, and transporting petroleum products, accounting for 18% of global transportation, and there are nearly 600 ports on the shore of the Mediterranean, some of which are among the most important ports in the world .
The role of the Mediterranean in controlling the region's weather and climate