How does the Mediterranean control the world around it

طقس العرب GO 2021-08-04 2021-08-04T06:09:29Z
رنا السيلاوي
رنا السيلاوي
محرر أخبار - قسم التواصل الاجتماعي
How does the Mediterranean control the world around it

Arab weather - the Mediterranean is considered one of the most important seas throughout history and until today; Where it facilitated movement between different countries, and was the first means to help the cultural exchange between the population, it also flourished with trade between continents and countries, and it has a great impact on weather and climate control, so what do you know about the Mediterranean Sea? How does he control the world around him?

Information about the Mediterranean and the reason for its name

The reason for the name: The Mediterranean Sea is a body of water sandwiched between three continents, so it was described as the Mediterranean .

Its area: The area of the Mediterranean Sea is about 2.5 million km2 , and it consists of two main basins separated by a 140 km long rocky chain called the Ataba or the Sicilian-Tunisian outcrop, as it extends between Cape Bon in Sicily and Mersala in Tunisia .

The western basin of the Mediterranean is connected to the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar , which separates Africa and Europe, while the eastern basin extends eastward to the shores of the Levant.

Depth: The depth of the Mediterranean varies from one region to another. It reaches a depth of approximately 400 m at its border with Tunisia, and more than 5000 m at its border with Greece.

The importance of the strategic location of the Mediterranean

The Mediterranean Sea is geographically located at the heart of the world. Today, it is considered one of the world's most crowded seas, as a result of the movement of trade and shipping in it. It occupies an intermediate position for three important continents, namely Europe, Africa, and Asia.

There are 22 countries where the Mediterranean is part of their maritime borders , with 13 countries from Europe overlooking the northern side of the sea, five countries from Africa on the southern side, and four countries from Asia on the eastern side.

The Mediterranean is the largest center for loading, unloading, and transporting petroleum products, accounting for 18% of the global transport, and there are nearly 600 ports on the shore of the Mediterranean, some of which are considered among the most important in the world .

The role of the Mediterranean in controlling the region's weather and climate

  • The presence of the Mediterranean Sea as a water source near the Levant region transformed its climate from a desert to a Mediterranean climate, meaning that the absence of the Mediterranean Sea would have led to the Levant enjoying a dry desert climate.

  • The Mediterranean Sea is a source of moisture, and in it the air depressions coming from Europe gain additional energy before they reach the Levant region, and they reach the Levant regions laden with rain, God willing.

  • The Mediterranean contributes to alleviating the hot weather in the Levant during the summer days, as it provides the region with moist air currents that cool the atmosphere and contribute to the appearance of low clouds.

This article was written originally in Arabic and is translated using a 3rd party automated service. ArabiaWeather is not responsible for any grammatical errors whatsoever.

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