Weather of Arabia - On Monday (July 4) the Italian government declared a state of emergency in five regions due to drought caused by lack of rain and high temperatures.
Italy has allocated $37.5 million in relief funds to help particularly affected areas: Emilia Romagna - Friuli Venezia Giulia - Lombardy - Piedmont - Veneto.
Italy is facing an unusually early heat wave, accompanied by a lack of rainfall, especially in the Po River Basin, which is experiencing the worst drought in the past 70 years, according to an analysis by the Po River Basin Authority.
The Po River is Italy's longest river. It runs east through the northern part of Italy from Monviso (in the Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. About 17 million people, or a third of the total population, live in its basin.
At very low levels, the Tiber, the third longest river in Italy, flows through central Italy and Rome passing the famous Vittorio Emanuele II Bridge (pictured below).
In a statement by Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, he explained that the crisis worsened after three years of drought and high temperatures, as the country had suffered from a lack of rainfall in the past three years, not only this year, and the general rise in temperatures contributed to an increase in the severity of the drought. There is no doubt that climate change is having an impact.
The announcement comes a day after at least seven people died after a glacier collapsed in the Italian Alps, which is "undoubtedly" linked to global warming, Prime Minister Mario Draghi said.
Draghi added that one of the other reasons behind the drought crisis in Italy is the loss of water from the Po River due to poor maintenance of basins and the water network, which led to water leakage and a high level of water lost in Italy by more than 30%, while it is in European countries. Other only 5--6-8%.
The Po River and its surrounding basins are important areas for agriculture and livestock, with more than half of the national livestock stock living in the region.
The drought has devastated the Italian rice crop, eliminating 30% of the total crop, according to a statement issued Sunday by the European Union's agricultural organization Coldiretti.
The destruction of the rice crop comes at a critical time for the agricultural sector, with seed plantings reduced by 10,000 hectares due to the “record increase in production costs” caused by the war in Ukraine.
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