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Monthly Bulletin | A cold start in some areas ... and the chances of rain improved in the second half of March, especially in the mawaweeh season

طقس العرب GO 2021-03-04 2021-03-04T10:34:12Z
سنان خلف
سنان خلف
محرر أخبار جوية- قسم التواصل الاجتماعي
Monthly Bulletin | A cold start in some areas ... and the chances of rain improved in the second half of March, especially in the mawaweeh season

<h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><strong>Monthly weather forecast for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia</strong></h3><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>A cold start in some regions ... and the intensity and extent of rain improved in the second half of March, especially in the mawaweeh season</strong></h3><hr /><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#FF0000;"><strong>Note: It is strictly forbidden to transmit this information, data and the obligatory newsletter and publish it on social media and other means and / or to dispose of it in any way without taking the prior and written consent of ArabiaWeather, under penalty of legal accountability <span>.</span></strong></span></h3><hr /><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>General situation</strong></h3><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> The chances of rain improved and, God willing, instability in central and eastern Saudi Arabia formed in the second half of March, especially the Maraweeh season.</li><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Increasing chances of rain in the capital, Riyadh, in the second half of March, God willing, and gradually.</li><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Opportunities for rain focus on the western region of Saudi Arabia during the third week of the month, including parts of Medina.</li><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Temperatures are significantly higher / warmer than normal levels in western Saudi Arabia most of the month.</li><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> A thermal contrast between warm and cold over northern and eastern Saudi Arabia</li><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Monitor the chances of dust waves forming across Egypt or locally in some periods of the month.</li></ul><hr /><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Aerial maps and infographics</strong></h3><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>The most prominent expected weather phenomena</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/uploads-2020/zawaher.jpg" style="width: 800px; height: 523px;" /></strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Heat deviation / anomaly from general averages</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/uploads-2020/tempz.jpg" style="width: 800px; height: 523px;" /></strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Deviation / anomaly of rain from general averages</strong> </p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/uploads-2020/rainz.jpg" style="width: 800px; height: 523px;" /></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Important weather systems distribution</strong> </p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/uploads-2020/z500.jpg" style="width: 800px; height: 523px;" /></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><hr /><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Detailed weather condition for every week</strong></h3><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Week 1 (March 1-7)</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Description of the week</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Cold air basins dominate the Caspian Sea and western Russia, while the central Mediterranean regions, Pakistan and the southeastern Arabian Peninsula are affected by air heights.</p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> This leads to stabilization of weather in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, while some upper depressions extend from the north and bring atmospheric instability to separate areas of the northern regions and parts of the southern region. </p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><table align="right" border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><tbody><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Region</strong></p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>The rains</strong></p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>the heat</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Central Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Light rain</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> About rate</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Northern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> scattered showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Below average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Southern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> scattered showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Eastern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Light rain, especially in the north</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Below average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Western Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> No significant rain</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr></tbody></table><div style="clear:both;;text-align:left;direction:ltr"></div><hr /><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Week 2 (March 8-14)</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Description of the week</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> It is expected that the atmospheric pressure will decrease and the effect of the tropical air height from the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula will diminish or weaken, thus allowing the extension of some cold upper air canyons from the north through Iraq and Iran,</p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> This leads to the return of the chances of rain after a long absence in parts of the Sultanate of Oman, and parts of northern, central and eastern Arabia are affected by unstable weather conditions that result in the proliferation of clouds and precipitation, God willing. </p><table align="right" border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><tbody><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Region</strong></p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>The rains</strong></p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>the heat</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Central Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Rain showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Northern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Thunderstorms</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> About rate</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Southern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> scattered showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Eastern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Rain showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Below average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Western Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Light rain</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr></tbody></table><div style="clear:both;;text-align:left;direction:ltr"></div><hr /><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Third week (15-21 March)</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Description of the week</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> The tropical air height increases in the eastern and northern Arabian Peninsula, while some cold air masses are expected to extend towards the central and eastern Mediterranean.</p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> This brings some rain, especially in the northwest and parts of central Saudi Arabia, with an opportunity to extend some rain from the western region for the first time (the best opportunity this month), especially in the east and south of the region, while more stable weather prevails in eastern Saudi Arabia, the Gulf countries, central and southern Iraq. Rains over the Sultanate of Oman and parts of the Emirates. </p><table align="right" border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><tbody><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Region</strong></p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>The rains</strong></p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>the heat</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Central Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Rain showers and an opportunity for torrents</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Northern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Rain showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Southern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> scattered showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Eastern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> scattered showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Western Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Rain showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr></tbody></table><div style="clear:both;;text-align:left;direction:ltr"></div><hr /><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Fourth week and rest of the month (March 22-31)</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Description of the week</strong></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Air heights are concentrated in the high air layers on northwestern Saudi Arabia and others over Pakistan, which paves the way from time to time for the extension of some upper air depressions towards the north, central and southeastern Arabian Peninsula.</p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Consequently, it is not a slave to continue the chances of rain, God willing, in several parts of the region, with reference to the improvement in the chances of rain also for the Emirates and the Sultanate of Oman. </p><table align="right" border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><tbody><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>Region</strong></p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>The rains</strong></p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong>the heat</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Central Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Rain showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> About rate</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Northern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> scattered showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> About rate</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Southern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> scattered showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Eastern Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Rain showers</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> About rate</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Western Saudi Arabia</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Light rain</p></td><td style="width:208px;"><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> Above average</p></td></tr></tbody></table><div style="clear:both;;text-align:left;direction:ltr"></div><hr /><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"></h3><h2 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;"><strong>Climate situation (for professionals and interested parties):</strong></span></h2><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;"><strong>Arctic Dome and North Atlantic Ocean</strong><br /> It is expected that the month will start with large fluctuations in the behavior of the Arctic Oscillation Coefficient (AO) between a large decline to reach neutral and possibly slightly negative values ​​during the middle of the first week of the month, to rise again at the end of the first week and the sea of ​​the second week in a strong and possibly approaching +4, amid expectations that the pole will continue to be positive until the end of the month.</span></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">Pole positivity means / is related to the decrease in atmospheric pressure in the Arctic Circle extending from high latitudes between 60 and 90 north, and the coherence of the polar air affects and is related to the higher latitudes of the north of the globe, or what is known as the polar cell cohesion and a calm in the movement of polar jet currents.<br /> Due to the relative weakness in the intensity of mid-showstorms, and the air pressure not deepening much in the Atlantic Ocean storms or in the European continent. Those sandwiched between latitudes 60 and 40 north.<br /> It is expected that the North Atlantic Oscillation Coefficient (NAO) will rise and exit from the negative pattern gradually during the first week, to become positive after that until the end of the second third of the month, while expectations after that indicate that this indicator will decrease to approach the neutral and possibly negative pattern in Some days during the last third of the month.<br /> The negativity of that factor is related to the bursting of very cold north polar winds and the outbreaks of air storms on parts of western Europe at some periods. While the positive factor of that coefficient indicates an increase in the atmospheric heights on the south and west of the European continent and the rush of warm and humid winds towards the north and west of the European continent.</span></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">This is related in the case of the weather in the Sub-Tropical Region, surrounding the Mediterranean basin, where it is close to the tropical region, where it is strongly influenced by the outcome / product of the polar cell in the north and the activity of the mid-width cell (Ferrell cell), and in our case, and in Expectations remained for the absence of strong extremes in values, and their fluctuation between slight negativity and moderate positive for both AO &amp; NAO fluctuations.</span></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">As a result, it is expected that some breaks will occur in the wind movement in the upper atmosphere, or what is known as the refraction of jet streams, which leads to the push of cold air masses south towards the European continent, including parts of its east, God willing, especially in the second third of the month, and without It is unlikely that very humid winds will arrive from the Atlantic Ocean, supporting the hypothesis of a rainy depression around the middle of the month, due to the change and change in the behavior of the North Atlantic Ocean coefficient towards positive, which will push the building of an air height on the southwest of the European continent and move it gradually eastward.</span></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">However, the severity of the high arctic oscillation coefficient will make it difficult for the prospective air system to transform into an integrated polarity in the central and eastern Mediterranean, due to the cold polar air being trapped in high shows in the north away from the Mediterranean basin, and thus the absence of a strong breakage in the currents. The polar jet towards subtropical regions (Mediterranean basin).</span></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">Then, during the last third of the month, a change is expected in the distribution of weather systems in the northern hemisphere and the European continent, as cold air masses will take a path towards central and southwestern Europe due to a decline and decrease in the values ​​of the Arctic and North Atlantic oscillation coefficients. Towards neutral values ​​and one of them may enter a negative pattern, which results in an increase in air pressure and the stability of the weather in the eastern Mediterranean at the expense of the return or intensification of air turbulence over the south and west of the European continent and the central and western Mediterranean. Rainy weather over the Levant during this period, due to the rapid and temporary fluctuation that may occur on the air systems.</span></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;"><strong>Equatorial region of the Pacific Ocean</strong><br /> The equatorial region of the Pacific Ocean is witnessing a rise in temperatures while remaining below its general levels, and this is known as the (ENSO) index, as the phenomenon of lanina began to weaken and gradually shift to the neutral phase, and this phenomenon is statistically related to the Indian dipole index (IOD), where it is expected to actually start to rise. Slightly and gradually over the next two months (March and April and April 2021).</span></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;"><strong>Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea</strong><br /> The Arabian Peninsula is affected by the (IOD) index, and the positive of this indicator indicates that the surface water temperature from the western half of the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea is higher than the general rates, which indicates the increasing quantities of moisture and water vapor in the air and its rush into the interior of the Arabian Peninsula and the improvement of the rain performance, God willing The event of the eruption of cold air basins from the north and the formation of instability spring in character.</span></p><p style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">In view of these and other factors in the atmosphere of those who are interested and that contribute to the crystallization of the atmospheric system, computer modeling projections indicate that the coefficients of fluctuations in the month of March of 2021 will be as follows:</span></p><ol style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong><span style="color:#B22222;">North Atlantic Coefficient (NAO): The positive phase most days of the month, but indications are that it will approach the neutral phase in the third part of the month.</span></strong><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">The effect of the main parameter statistically at this stage alone (without taking the rest of the coefficients) with a correlation coefficient of more than 90% is: Temperatures significantly warmer than usual throughout the European continent, and <strong>cooler</strong> than usual throughout the Arab world.</span></li></ul></li><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong><span style="color:#B22222;">Arctic Oscillation Coefficient (AO): The positive phase most days of the month.</span></strong><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">The effect of the main parameter statistically at this stage alone (without taking the rest of the coefficients) with a correlation coefficient of more than 90% is: Temperatures significantly warmer than usual throughout the European continent, and <strong>cooler</strong> than usual throughout the Arab world.</span></li></ul></li><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;"><strong>AMO: the positive phase</strong> .</span><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">The statistically significant effect of the main parameter at this stage alone (without taking the rest of the coefficients) with a correlation coefficient of more than 90% is: Temperatures <strong>warmer</strong> than usual in the Arab Mashreq.</span></li></ul></li><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong><span style="color:#B22222;">The laninia phenomenon: the negative phase of weak to moderate intensity.</span></strong><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">The effect of the main coefficient statistically at this stage alone (without taking the rest of the coefficients) with a correlation coefficient greater than 90% is: There is no effect within the specified correlation coefficient except in the middle of the Mediterranean, represented by higher than normal temperatures.</span></li></ul></li><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <strong><span style="color:#B22222;">Pacific Northern Water Surface Temperature Oscillation Coefficient (PDO): negative phase.</span></strong><ul style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><li style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"> <span style="color:#B22222;">The effect of the main parameter statistically at this stage alone (without taking the rest of the coefficients) with a correlation factor of more than 90% is: There is no effect within the specified correlation factor.</span></li></ul></li></ol><h3 style=";text-align:left;direction:ltr"><br /> <strong>God knows</strong></h3>

This article was written originally in Arabic and is translated using a 3rd party automated service. ArabiaWeather is not responsible for any grammatical errors whatsoever.

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