Weather of Arabia - Climate change and the rise in temperatures of the Pacific waters warn of natural disasters that may be caused by the El Niño phenomenon, and that phenomenon has a negative impact on the Earth's climate.
El Niño is a natural phenomenon that occurs thousands of years ago. It was discovered by Spanish-speaking fishermen from Peru and Ecuador. They called it El Niño, which means little child in Spanish. This phenomenon arises when the temperature of the waters of the Pacific Ocean rises, and air currents arise that move slowly over the course of a few months to the western coast of Latin America. And several places, and the winds move causing strong hurricanes with a change in the climate around the world, which results in waves of drought and fires spreading around the planet, no one can predict the strength of this phenomenon and how it will affect the climate, but scientists believe that the effect of the phenomenon this year will be moderate and not very strong As it happened in 1997 and 1998, this phenomenon occurs approximately every seven years and may occur every two years as well.
Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich's satellite tracks El Niño
And NASA's Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite recorded a rise in the temperatures of the Pacific Ocean waters at separate times in March and April, and it also recorded increases in the water temperature on the seventh of May, which led to a rise in the ocean waters of 10:5 centimeters, This is an indication of the arrival of El Nino at the end of this summer.
El Nino and its impact on global weather
El Niño is a complex phenomenon that affects many parts of the world, as it increases rain in many countries, and in turn prevents it in other countries that spread drought and harsh environmental conditions in some countries of Asia and Africa. Forests and farmland.
Forecasting of the El Niño phenomenon and forecasts of its strength
Scientists are still ignorant of the real causes of this phenomenon, and in spite of that they believe that pollution and global warming have a major role in the activity of El Niño, and scientists also cannot yet predict the strength of this phenomenon, and in general some have expected that its strength will be medium this year, It is not as strong as El Niño 1997, 1998, which caused great damage represented by landslides, devastating torrential rains, and droughts in other countries, which affected agriculture, and this was represented in the shortage of grain and agricultural products.
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