On the anniversary of the first infection with the Corona virus.. What is the story of the Corona epidemic that confused the world?

طقس العرب GO 2022-11-17 2022-11-17T07:28:13Z
رنا السيلاوي
رنا السيلاوي
محرر أخبار - قسم التواصل الاجتماعي
On the anniversary of the first infection with the Corona virus.. What is the story of the Corona epidemic that confused the world?

Weather of Arabia - November 17 marks the anniversary of the emergence of what is believed to be the first case of coronavirus infection in the world, for a 55-year-old from Hubei Province in China, more than a month before doctors noticed cases in Wuhan, which is located in Hubei Province, At the end of December 2019, it then spread to the countries of the world, which led to the disruption of life and the disruption of the global economy, until the World Health Organization declared that the situation had become a global epidemic.


The Corona virus has so far killed more than 6.6 million people and infected more than 641 million, and many world leaders have contracted the virus during the arduous battle to mitigate its spread within their country’s borders, including former US President Donald Trump and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, proving that even the most powerful of them He could fall into the grip of the virus.


Here is the story of this epidemic and the chronology of the outbreak of the Corona virus, from the moment it appeared:


December 31, 2019: Dozens of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause appeared

On December 31, the government in the Chinese city of Wuhan confirmed that health authorities were treating dozens of people with pneumonia of unknown cause, after which researchers in China identified a new virus that had infected them. At the time, there was no evidence that the virus had spread easily by humans.


January 11, 2020: China reported its first death

On January 11, Chinese state media reported the first known death from a disease caused by the new virus. The 61-year-old man who died was a regular customer at the market in Wuhan. The report of his death came just before one of China's biggest holidays, when hundreds of people travel Millions of people from all over the country.


January 20, 2020: Other countries, including the United States, confirmed cases

The first confirmed cases outside of China were recorded in Japan, South Korea and Thailand, and the first confirmed case in the United States appeared the next day in Washington state, where a man in his 30s developed symptoms after returning from a trip to Wuhan.


January 23, 2020: The Chinese authorities isolate Wuhan, a city with a population of more than 11 million.

The Chinese authorities closed down the city of Wuhan by canceling planes and trains that were leaving the city, and suspended buses, subways and ferries within it. At that point, at least 17 people had died and more than 570 others had been infected, including in Taiwan, Japan, Thailand, South Korea and the United States.

(Chinese authorities have stopped buses, subways, and ferries inside Wuhan, pictured since February 3)


January 29, 2020: The first infection in the Middle East was in the Emirates

The UAE recorded the first outbreak of the new Corona virus in the Middle East, and it was for a family of four coming from Wuhan in China.


January 30, 2020: The World Health Organization declares a global health emergency

Amid thousands of new cases in China, the World Health Organization has officially declared a "Public Health Emergency of International Concern".


February 2, 2020: The first coronavirus death outside of China was reported

A 44-year-old man died in the Philippines after contracting the coronavirus, the first death reported outside of China, and up to that point, the death toll from the virus was more than 360.


February 7, 2020: The Chinese doctor who tried to sound the alarm died

When Chinese doctor Li Wenliang died after contracting the virus, many hailed him as a hero for trying to sound early warnings that the infection could be spiraling out of control.


In early January, the authorities reprimanded him, and he was forced to sign a statement condemning his warning, so Dr. Li's death sparked anger and frustration at the way the Chinese government had mishandled the situation.

(The death of Dr. Li Wenliang sparked outrage over the way the Chinese government handled the epidemic.)

February 11, 2020: The disease caused by the virus is named

The World Health Organization proposed an official name for the disease caused by the virus, which is: Covid-19, and this name is an acronym that refers to Corona virus disease 2019, and the name should not refer to any of the people, places, or animals associated with the virus, in order to avoid The stigma that may be attached to the named person.


February 14, 2020: France announces the first coronavirus death in Europe

An 80-year-old Chinese tourist died on February 14 in a Paris hospital, authorities said, in the first coronavirus death outside of Asia. This is the fourth death from the virus outside mainland China, where about 1,500 people have died, most of them in Hubei Province.


February 14, 2020: The first infection with the Corona virus in Egypt , which was attributed to a "foreign" person.


February 23, 2020: Italy experienced a significant increase in the number of infections

Europe faced its first major outbreak as the number of reported cases in Italy rose from fewer than five to more than 150. In the Lombardy region, officials locked down 10 cities after a cluster of cases suddenly appeared in Codogno, southeast of Milan. Schools were closed and sporting events cancelled. and cultural.



February 24, 2020: Corona virus reached the Sultanate of Oman

The first two cases of coronavirus were recorded in the Sultanate of Oman, and the two cases are of two Omani women who came from Iran, and Muscat suspended flights to Iran, where there is the largest number of cases of the virus outside China.



February 25, 2020: The first case of coronavirus was recorded in Algeria

Algeria announced its first confirmed case of coronavirus, an Italian man who arrived in the country on February 17th.


February 27, 2020:

Suspension of entry to Saudi lands to perform Umrah, visit the Prophet’s Mosque, and tourism, and on February 29, entry of citizens of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries to Mecca and Medina was suspended.


February 29, 2020: The United States reports one death

On February 29, authorities announced that a patient near Seattle had died of coronavirus, in what was believed to be the first coronavirus death in the United States at the time, but in fact, two people had died earlier, and their COVID-19 diagnosis was not discovered until later. Months.


After that, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advised that there should be no gatherings of 50 or more people in the United States for 8 weeks, and the recommendations included weddings, festivals, parades, concerts, sporting events, and conferences.


March 2, 2020: The first injury in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia recorded the first case of coronavirus infection for a citizen who visited Iran without disclosing it.


March 2, 2020: The first infection in Jordan

Jordan recorded the first case of coronavirus infection coming from Italy, and since that date the government has taken a number of precautionary measures to confront the outbreak of this global epidemic in Jordan, and on March 20, 2020: the government decided to impose a curfew in Jordan, and activities were resumed for some sectors to activate the wheel The economy is within certain controls, and some services resumed their work on the morning of April 29, 2020. As for the first death in the Kingdom as a result of this virus, it was on March 27, 2020.



March 2, 2020: The first infection in Morocco

The first case of infection was recorded in Morocco on March 2, 2020 in Casablanca. The case relates to a Moroccan citizen living in Bergamo - Italy, who returned to Morocco on February 27.



March 16, 2020: Latin America is starting to get worried

Several countries across Latin America have imposed restrictions on their citizens to slow the spread of the virus. Venezuela announced a nationwide quarantine that began on March 17. Ecuador and Peru have implemented nationwide lockdowns, while Colombia and Costa Rica have closed their borders.


March 17, 2020: The European Union bans most travelers from outside the Union

European leaders have voted to close at least 26 countries to almost all visitors from the rest of the world for at least 30 days. Banning non-essential travel from outside the EU was the first coordinated response to the pandemic by the European Union.


March 24, 2020: India announces a 21-day lockdown.

A day after authorities halted all domestic flights, Narendra Modi, India's prime minister, announced a 21-day lockdown. While the number of reported cases in India has reached nearly 500, the prime minister has pledged to spend about $2 billion on medical supplies, isolation rooms, ventilators and training of medical professionals.


March 26, 2020: The United States leads the world in confirmed cases

The United States has officially become the country hardest hit by the pandemic, with at least 81,321 confirmed infections and more than 1,000 deaths. This was more cases than were reported in China, Italy or any other country at the time.


April 2, 2020: The number of cases exceeds one million and millions lose their jobs

By April 2nd, the pandemic had infected more than 1 million people in 171 countries across six continents, killing at least 51,000 people. In just a few weeks, the pandemic had put nearly 10 million Americans out of work, including That's 6.6 million people who applied for unemployment benefits in the last week of March. The speed and scale of job losses has been unprecedented.


April 6, 2020: Prime Minister Boris Johnson is admitted to intensive care

Ten days after revealing his HIV diagnosis, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has been moved to intensive care. The decision was a precautionary measure, the British government said, and also said he was in good spirits. Johnson also asked the Foreign Secretary, Dominic Raab, to deputize for him "when necessary", and he was released from intensive care on 12 April.


April 24, 2020: The European Union, under pressure from China, softens a report on disinformation

The European Union appears to have come under pressure and softened criticism of China in a report on misinformation about the coronavirus pandemic. While the initial report was not particularly harsh, European officials delayed and then rewrote the document to soften the focus on China, which they see as their vital trading partner. .


April 30, 2020: Airlines announce rules requiring face masks

After the Corona virus killed more than 200,000 people and infected more than 2.8 million people worldwide, airlines such as American Airlines and Delta Airlines required all passengers and flight attendants to wear a face mask. The Lufthansa Group - which owns Lufthansa, Swiss International Airlines and... Austrian Airlines - in addition to JetBlue and Frontier Airlines similar decisions.


May 1, 2020: Authorization for use of remdesivir, the first approved treatment for COVID-19

The US Food and Drug Administration has issued an emergency use authorization for remdesivir in hospitalized patients with severe coronavirus.


May 17, 2020: Japan and Germany, two of the world's largest economies, enter recession

Japan, the world's third-largest economy after the United States and China, entered recession for the first time since 2015. Its economy contracted at an annualized rate of 3.4 percent in the first three months of the year.


Germany, Europe's largest economy, also fell into recession, and its economy suffered its worst contraction since the 2008 global financial crisis, contracting 2.2 percent in the January-March period compared to the previous quarter.

(Since the pandemic began, countries around the world have fallen into recession, including Japan and Germany.)


May 23, 2020:

China has not reported any new cases of coronavirus, the first time since the outbreak began in December.


June 20, 2020:

The National Institutes of Health announced that it has halted a clinical trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of hydroxychloroquine as a treatment for coronavirus, as the drug is unlikely to be of benefit to hospitalized COVID-19 patients.


June 30, 2020: The European Union prepares to reopen borders.

The European Union is set to open to visitors from 15 countries on July 1, but not to travelers from the United States, Brazil or Russia. The move puts into effect a complex policy that seeks to balance health concerns, politics, diplomacy and the desperate need for tourism revenue. Australia, Canada and New Zealand were among the approved list of countries.


July 7, 2020: It was announced that the President of Brazil had been injured

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro revealed on July 7 that he had tested positive for the virus, saying he had been tested after experiencing fatigue, muscle pain and fever. This news came after months of denying the seriousness of the epidemic and ignoring preventive measures, and after the death of more than 65,000 Brazilians.


July 10, 2020: Hong Kong shuts down schools amid a third wave

Hong Kong, a city of seven million people, has recorded more than 1,400 cases and seven deaths. But on July 10, it shut down its school system as it worked to contain a third wave of infections. The third wave, which came after the spike was contained by May, was a setback for a city that had largely returned to normal, as restaurants enjoyed packed crowds and employees returned to their desks.


August 11, 2020:

Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that Russia had approved a coronavirus vaccine for public use before completing Phase 3 trials, which usually precede approval. The vaccine, called Sputnik-V, was developed by the Moscow-based Gamaleya Institute with funding from the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF).


September 28, 2020: The global death toll reached one million

In the 10 months since a mysterious pneumonia began striking the population of Wuhan, China, the coronavirus has killed more than a million people worldwide — a grim toll compiled from official records and believed to be an undercount.


October 2, 2020: US President Trump tested positive for the virus

President Trump said early Oct. 2 that he and the first lady had tested positive for the coronavirus, throwing the nation's leadership into uncertainty and adding to the crisis posed by the pandemic that has already killed more than 207,000 Americans and devastated the economy.


Trump had a fever, congestion, and cough and was hospitalized at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, returning to the White House on October 5.

(President Trump returned to the White House from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Washington on Oct. 5.)


October 19, 2020: Belgium closes restaurants and imposes a curfew to stem the rise in cases

Belgium imposed a nationwide curfew and closed all cafes, bars and restaurants for a month. The restrictions came as Europe faced a resurgence in cases, with Belgium reporting more than 48,000 cases over the past seven days.


October 24, 2020: The Polish president tested positive for the virus

Polish President Andrzej Duda has tested positive for the coronavirus and is in isolation, officials said on Oct. 24. The announcement came amid a crisis in Poland, which was grappling with one of Europe's deadliest outbreaks of the disease, with hospital beds filling up at an alarming rate.


November 5, 2020: England goes into national lockdown

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced new restrictions that took effect on November 5 and ended on December 2, including the closure of pubs, restaurants and most retail stores in England. The government's Scientific Advisory Committee, in a report dated October 14, estimated that there were between 43,000 and 75,000 new infections per day in England, a rate higher than the worst-case scenarios calculated just weeks earlier.

(London during the second lockdown on 5 November)

November 13, 2020: An increase in children's visits to mental health emergency rooms

With lockdown measures in place to prevent the spread of the virus and schools shifting to distance learning, in the United States the number of emergency room visits for mental health reasons rose 31% among children ages 12 to 17, from March to October, compared to the same period in last year, according to the CDC.


November 17, 2020: The Food and Drug Administration grants authorization for the first at-home coronavirus test

The Food and Drug Administration has lit the green for the first rapid coronavirus test that can be brought at home, without the need for a lab. The test, developed by Lucira Health, requires a prescription from a healthcare provider and can return results in about 30 minutes.


December 2, 2020: The UK approves a coronavirus vaccine from Pfizer

Britain gave emergency authorization on December 2 to a coronavirus vaccine from Pfizer Inc, ahead of the United States to become the first Western country to allow the vaccine to be administered.


The first person to be vaccinated against coronavirus in the UK on December 8 was Margaret Keenan, a 90-year-old former jewelry store assistant, followed by an 81-year-old man.


December 11, 2020: The Food and Drug Authority grants approval for a vaccine from Pfizer

This paved the way for millions of highly susceptible people to start receiving the vaccine within days. The authorization was a historic turning point in a pandemic that has killed more than 290,000 people in the United States. The same vaccine has also been approved by Mexico, Canada, Saudi Arabia and other countries.


December 18, 2020: The FDA authorizes the use of Moderna vaccine


February 27, 2021: The US Food and Drug Administration grants authorization for Johnson & Johnson's coronavirus vaccine, the first single-dose coronavirus vaccine.


May 31, 2021: Naming a delta variant of the coronavirus that was first detected in India in late 2020.


August 3, 2021: The delta variant now accounts for most coronavirus infections.


August 12, 2021: The US Food and Drug Administration authorizes an additional dose of the Corona vaccine for certain immunocompromised people.


November 2, 2021: Recommendation to vaccinate children ages 5-11.


November 19, 2021: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration authorizes booster doses for the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines for all adults, and the CDC also endorses boosters for all adults.


November 24, 2021: A new variant of the Corona virus was reported, which the World Health Organization called the “Omicron” variant.


December 22, 2021: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized Paxlovid, the anti-coronavirus drug from Pfizer, the first anti-coronavirus drug licensed in the United States to be taken at home, and the next day, the US Food and Drug Administration authorized Merck's antiviral drug, molnupiravi.


December 27, 2021: Shortening the quarantine period for the infected

The CDC shortened the recommended times to quarantine when they test positive from 10 days to 5 days if they had no symptoms, and also shortened the recommended time for people to be quarantined if exposed to the virus to five days if vaccinated.


April 2022: Lockdowns in China due to the high number of infections

China recorded more than 13,000 cases of coronavirus, on Sunday (April 3), a record number since the peak of the first epidemic wave more than two years ago. This comes with health officials discovering a new subtype of the mutated Omicron in the Shanghai region, and that was another epidemic wave. It is testing the patience of the Chinese against the draconian restrictions, at a time when much of the world has returned to normal activity.


September 2022: The World Health Organization announces the approaching end of the pandemic

The Director-General of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, announced that the world is close to eliminating the emerging corona virus, due to the decline in the severity of the disease and the decline in the number of weekly deaths from Covid-19 to its lowest level since March 2020. US President Joe Biden also announced that the pandemic COVID-19 is over in the United States.


October 2022: Corona injuries re-emerge

The number of infected people has increased in several countries, especially in Europe, such as Britain, where the country recorded 1.7 million positive results with “Covid-19” disease within a week, up from 1.3 million cases in the previous week.


November 2022: China eases anti-coronavirus measures "for the first time"

China has reduced, for the first time, anti-coronavirus measures, as quarantines have been eased and travel restrictions have been abolished. And the authorities announced that they will continue to identify direct contacts with people with corona, while reducing the quarantine period for arrivals from 10 days to 8, and canceling the sudden closure of flight paths to some flights.


November 2022: Corona pushes America to extend the state of health emergency next winter

The United States will maintain a public health emergency for the COVID-19 pandemic, allowing millions of Americans to get free tests, vaccines, and treatments through next winter and through at least April next year.


Now, after 3 years, the world is still suffering from the consequences of the pandemic, and some still refuse to give up wearing the muzzle, but life is going at a normal pace now, hoping that the world will not be exposed to another wave of infections.

This article was written originally in Arabic and is translated using a 3rd party automated service. ArabiaWeather is not responsible for any grammatical errors whatsoever.

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