The effect of dust on human health..and important health guidelines for dealing with dust waves

طقس العرب GO 2021-06-10 2021-06-10T11:24:14Z
رنا السيلاوي
رنا السيلاوي
محرر أخبار - قسم التواصل الاجتماعي
The effect of dust on human health..and important health guidelines for dealing with dust waves

Weather of Arabia - The human body has different defense mechanisms to deal with the dust we breathe, but these mechanisms may become insufficient when the dust is thick and the dust particles are small,

 

Effects of dust waves on human health

Dust particles are known to cause damage to the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, and they can irritate the eyes, throat and skin. The effects and harms of dust on human health are mainly related to the size of the particles carried by dust waves, and they are as follows:

  • Dust may contain microscopic solid particles or liquid droplets small enough to go deep into the lungs and cause serious health problems.

  • Large particles may irritate the nose, throat, and eyes.
  • Small particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (called PM2.5) pose the greatest problem because they can go deep into the lungs and may reach the bloodstream.
  • Particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter (called PM10) can cause serious health effects in susceptible individuals if the concentration is high enough.
  • Dust waves may carry natural particles, such as: microorganisms, pollen, and fungi, and in certain circumstances, dust waves may carry bacteria and viruses carried by the wind from sewage water or from sneezing.
  • Dust dust can irritate the respiratory tract.

 

Health symptoms caused by dust and dirt

  • Airway irritation, cough, wheezing and difficulty breathing
  • poor lung function ضعف
  • Exacerbation of asthma, COPD and other chronic lung diseases: wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and increased frequency and severity of attacks
  • In rare cases, small particles may increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes in susceptible people.

 

 

Important tips to avoid health hazards caused by dust waves

 

  • Stay indoors and close windows and doors as much as possible
  • Avoid direct exposure to dust clouds
  • Seek medical help if you have increased health symptoms
  • Avoid prolonged or strenuous effort in areas with high dust pollution
  • The use of air conditioners is considered safe because of the air filtration systems in them

 

    What should I do if I have health symptoms caused by dust?

    • If you're having trouble breathing, seek medical attention — either from your GP or your local emergency department.
    • People (adults and children) with asthma should follow their asthma instructions and use their medications as instructed by their doctor.
    • People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or another chronic lung condition should continue to take regular medications.
    • If dust causes itching in the eyes, nose and skin - rinse thoroughly with water and if symptoms persist, seek medical attention.

     

    This article was written originally in Arabic and is translated using a 3rd party automated service. ArabiaWeather is not responsible for any grammatical errors whatsoever.

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