Arab Weather - Sacrifice is one of the Islamic rituals that must be glorified, and it is one of the most beloved righteous deeds by which the believer draws close to God Almighty’s pleasure. The Almighty said: “God will not attain its meat or blood, but it is attained by piety from you,” so every able Muslim seizes the opportunity of the blessed Eid al-Adha. To get closer to God by slaughtering a sacrifice.
The wisdom of the legality of the sacrifice
The sacrifice was prescribed for several rulings, including:
Reviving the Sunnah of the Prophet of God Ibrahim, peace be upon him; When God commanded him to slaughter his son, he complied with the command of God Almighty, so God Almighty redeemed him with a great slaughter.
In the sacrifice, thanksgiving is given to God Almighty for the blessings He has bestowed upon His servants.
Bringing joy to the hearts of the poor by donating part of the sacrifices.
Bringing pleasure to the people of the house by eating the meat of the sacrifice.
The time and conditions of the sacrifice
The time for sacrifice begins after the Eid prayer and ends with sunset on the third day of al-Tashreeq.
Islam required the sacrifice of a certain category of animals, which are five types: camels and cows, both types, and sheep, including sheep and goats. That is, the sacrifice is not recommended for chickens, rabbits, deer, or others.
Islam stipulated a specific age for the sacrifice, so that:
Camels: not less than five years old
Cows: and buffaloes for at least two years
Goats: at least one year old
Sheep: Not less than a year also, and in some narrations, the Prophet permitted that she has 6 months, but with conditions, meaning when looking at her, she counts more than that.
It is desirable for the sacrifice to be fat, as it is Sunnah to make the sacrifice and to be applauded, and because that is greater for its reward and more for its benefit. And that it be healthy and free from defects in flesh and fat, such as obvious disease, lameness, and blindness, and not with a broken horn, fallen teeth, lean, severed tail, or a foul mouth. He is keen to choose a good sacrifice, so he offers the sacrifice with desirable qualities.
Conditions of the sacrifice, and who sacrifices the sacrifice
The most important characteristics of the sacrificer are: Islam, reason and freedom, where the non-Muslim, or the unreasonable one, is not charged with the sacrifice, and it is not obligatory on the slave who is owned
It is required that the one who sacrifices owns the sacrifice legally.
The one who is offering it must make the intention at the time of slaughter, provided that the one who is offering it can make the intention with his heart or with his tongue when he slaughtered it, and uttering it with the tongue is not a condition; The intention is held in the heart.
It is mustahabb for the one who is offering the sacrifice to slaughter the sacrifice himself, if he is performing the sacrifice properly. Because it is an act of worship, and an example of what he, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, did, and if he does not slaughter it properly, then it is better for someone else to give it to someone else, provided that he attends and witnesses the sacrifice, if he is not able to slaughter himself.
It is permissible for a sane and Muslim woman to perform the process of slaughtering the udhiyah, provided that she is aware of the matters of slaughter.
What mourns for the sacrifice?
It is desirable for the one who is offering the sacrifice to refrain from cutting his nails and hair during the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah until he has offered the sacrifice, and it is not a condition.
The sacrificer must be careful to choose a good sacrifice; Because it will be a closeness to God Almighty, and God is good and only accepts what is good.
It is mustahabb for the slaughtered to be facing the qiblah at the time of slaughter, and five things are mustahabb at the time of slaughter: naming names, praying for the Prophet - may God’s prayers and peace be upon him - facing the qiblah with the sacrifice, takbeer, and supplication for acceptance.
It is obligatory for the one who is offering the sacrifice to slaughter a camel standing upright, the left hand is reasonable, and as for the other, the slaughter is on its right side.
The slaughtering machine must be sharpened from iron.
It is mustahabb for the one who sacrifices after slaughtering, among other things: To wait until all the parts of the sacrifice are inhabited, so that it does not sag (ie: it goes beyond the place of slaughter to the marrow, which is the white thread that is inside the bone), and does not slough off before the death of all of its body.
It is recommended for the one who is offering the sacrifice to eat the sacrifice, to give alms, and to save. God Almighty says: “Eat of it and feed the wretched and poor” [Al-Hajj: 28].