Weather of Arabia - The residents of the Asir region in Saudi Arabia are waiting every year for the jacaranda trees to bloom in their bright purple colors to enjoy their beauty, as hundreds of families gather around these trees for a walk in Art Street in the center of Abha city, which is the most prominent "jacaranda" site in the Asir region.
Jacaranda is considered one of the most beautiful trees in the world. Its dense branches are covered with violet and purple flowers that take the form of doves combined in a unique and attractive appearance. Its fragrance spreads throughout the place, adding to the beauty of nature in the city a bright spectrum and a fragrant scent.
The secretariat of the Asir region worked to support the initiative of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, which carried the slogan “Green Saudi Arabia”, by planting 25,000 jacaranda trees in Abha, which add with their beauty and fragrant aroma in the gardens, streets, roads and squares of the city. Cultivation of it in accordance with the local evergreen environment, especially as it needs only small amounts of water, and does not pose a threat to the infrastructure.
The jacaranda tree, with its bright purple color, adorns the streets and gardens during the spring and early summer, and the jacaranda trees continue to bloom for up to 8 weeks, and give a distinctive aromatic scent that spreads after the rain.
The type of "Jacaranda" includes about 45 species between trees and shrubs, which are deciduous trees in areas that are exposed to periods of severe cold, and evergreen in temperate regions, and this plant belongs to the "Bignon" family.
The tree grows to reach a height of more than 18 meters. It is fast-growing and may reach a height of 3 meters during the first year. The shape of its spread is irregular or silhouetted. The spreading density is open and the growth rate is high. It is grown for shade and decoration in the streets and in public parks.
The fruits of the "Jacaranda" are formed in the form of a dry, hard, brown round pod ranging in size between 1 - 3 inches and usually develops in late summer, where thin seeds form inside.
This tree reproduces naturally by seed in March and April, and it can also be planted with seeds throughout the year if it is in a protected area, or it is cultivated by some modern methods such as sprout pots or indoors until it becomes strong, or by cuttings in February and March, and it must be fertilized, especially in the period of active growth at least Once a month, it is preferable to prune the tips of its upper branches until the growth intensifies and the temperature suitable for germination is between 19 to 27 degrees Celsius, and seedlings often take a long time to flower compared to grafted trees.