ArabiaWeather - Like the rest of the world, Tunisia faces the challenges of climate change, the potential risks, and the resulting health and economic repercussions. These challenges have increased in particular in light of the worsening drought and global warming phenomena, increasing levels of pollution in the air, and other issues. These issues have become a serious threat to the country's agricultural and marine wealth.
Tunisia, as one of the countries located in the Mediterranean basin and greatly affected by climate change, is in the process of adopting a comprehensive approach to addressing the issue of climate change. This approach focuses not only on working towards reducing these challenges, but also on adapting to them.
It has become clear that the entire world is seeking to adapt to the effects of climate change, and to develop alternative plans to confront these effects.
In addition to focusing on raising awareness of the dangers of climate change among young people, including environmental and climate issues in early childhood curricula, and updating educational references related to environmental issues, some Tunisian climate organizations have launched a comprehensive plan to cope with the drought crisis, global warming, escalating heat waves, and other phenomena.
Nisreen Shehata, President of the Tunisian Forum for Adaptation to Climate Change, believes that “the global climate crisis has become a more permanent natural situation than ever before, and this imposes the necessity of adapting to this new reality.”
Shehata stressed that "the Tunisian Forum for Adaptation to Climate Change is working hard to establish a project based on innovating alternative methods to reduce the effects of the climate crisis, ensure food safety, and preserve natural resources." The forum was established in 2021, with the participation of groups active in the areas of environmental and climate issues, and received support from the authorities.
The Forum President added: “Awareness of the reality of climate change must be increased and ways to adapt to the climate crisis must be clarified. In recent years, Tunisia has been facing new challenges manifested in drought, lack of rain, seasonal fluctuations, and high temperatures, which leads to the increasing occurrence of fires in forests and agricultural lands.”
She added: “These global phenomena impose the necessity on us now to think about how to adapt to the expansion of drought seasons in the country, water shortages, and the decline in fresh water levels. We must focus on taking alternative solutions to avoid this severe shortage, and one of the most prominent of these solutions is accelerating the operation of Seawater desalination plants, reviewing the country’s agricultural map, and taking measures to purify used water and reuse it for domestic purposes.”
The spokeswoman believes that the retention of rain causes damage to crops and a decline in agricultural production, which directly affects food security and has a serious impact on human life. She stressed that "the climate crisis will certainly affect biodiversity and will pose a threat to many animal species and fish wealth in Tunisia and the Mediterranean countries in general."
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