What if a needle traveling at the speed of light collides with the Earth?

2023-11-11 2023-11-11T12:50:10Z
ندى ماهر عبدربه
ندى ماهر عبدربه
صانع مُحتوى

Arabia Weather - What happens when a needle moves at the speed of light towards the Earth? Will the consequences of the needle hitting the Earth at such dizzying speeds be unexpected and devastating?

Who would have expected that a simple tool like a needle in the home could pose a threat when it became part of the dire speeds of the universe? When we investigate simple matters such as a needle rushing faster than the speed of space, we enter the world of imagination and possibilities.

Although it is impossible to achieve that cosmic speed with an object that has mass, contemplating such scenarios encourages conversation and helps us understand the limits of our current knowledge of physics.

What happens when an object exceeds the cosmic speed barrier? The consequences are dire, as the cosmic speed limit, known as the speed of light, which is about 186,282 miles per second (299,792 kilometers per second) in a vacuum, is considered a limit that cannot be exceeded, and this limit is considered the maximum speed at which anything in the universe can move. According to Albert Einstein's theory of special relativity, the closer an object is to this limit, the greater its mass and the greater its need for energy to maintain its speed.

Vector sewing needle at the speed of light

Our topic deals with a strange case where something is heading towards our planet, which is a regular needle that weighs about 5 grams . We may wonder why this situation is dangerous, especially since the small thing moves at the speed of light, which makes it difficult to determine its impact and the damage it may cause.

The danger comes from the enormous speed, as reaching the speed of light in our world is impossible, and achieving this requires an infinite amount of energy, which is unrealistic, but let us assume that the needle moves at 99.9% of the speed of light, which opens the door to our thinking about its effects. .

Things get complicated when we consider the idea that the needle may reach a speed close to the speed of light, which makes things less simple. Although objects with mass cannot move at the speed of light in our universe, the energy associated with this movement can be enormous.

Let us imagine that the needle is moving at 99.9% of the speed of light, it will have enormous energy, and when it hits the ground, a huge explosion can occur, causing serious damage. For comparison, its effect could be similar to the damage of the Hoba meteorite, which weighed 60 tons. It caused massive damage.

Given the needle's potential explosion energy, which is estimated at about 43 kilotons , it could have a serious impact, and although it may be less powerful than the damage of the Hoba meteorite, it could still cause significant damage. So, if you hear about something heading towards the Earth at the speed of light, The need to find shelter may be necessary. The final question concerns whether people can survive such a collision, and the answer is very frightening.

The needle of light... from enchanting brilliance to potential disaster

The needle releases a mesmerizing flash of light followed by a shock wave of incredible power, the effect of which shatters the glass of houses within a radius of 2.5 miles . Even the strongest buildings will collapse in front of this enormous force. This energy causes huge fires that extend up to 1.5 miles from the epicenter, turning everything in this area into steam.

If the needle enters the ocean , it will cause a huge tsunami to form, similar to a meteorite impact. However, the shock wave will not affect major cities, and may not harm residents. If it hits the east coast of the United States, the small needle there could cause flooding in New York.

When such a needle enters the Earth's atmosphere , due to its high speed, near the speed of light, the needle loses its solid properties, and turns into a group of atoms that fly side by side, and may pass the planet as a balloon does, at such a high speed that no one notices it.

However, the interesting scenario is the possibility of the needle hitting a person. Although this possibility is very small (1 in 1.6 million), it may lead to the disintegration of the human body or the weakening of bonds between molecules, without much pain, and the needle can leave a slight “sting” that feels something similar to a mosquito bite, although it leaves its mark However, in general, things will remain under control, and hitting a space needle might be like winning the lottery!

It appears that a needle moving at the speed of light wouldn't cause much harm, as it might create a large crater at the site of the impact, but the world is generally considered to be in good shape. But, what if something much larger than the needle moved toward Earth? In 2013, a meteorite with a large atmosphere approached Earth.

Thankfully, most of the meteorite burned up before it reached the Earth's surface, and the largest piece that survived weighed a little over half a ton. However, its speed was only about 37,000 miles per hour (59,500 kilometers per hour). What if it accelerated to the speed of light?

Also know:

A unique and free service from NASA that puts space at your fingertips

What if there were mirrors in space?


Sources:

brightside

medium

This article was written originally in Arabic and is translated using a 3rd party automated service. ArabiaWeather is not responsible for any grammatical errors whatsoever.
Plus
Related News
What are yawl winds?

What are yawl winds?

The expected eclipse in April.. Will the world plunge into darkness for 3 days?

The expected eclipse in April.. Will the world plunge into darkness for 3 days?

Gulf countries | What is the green cloud that appeared in the Emirates yesterday, and what is its relationship to large hail falls (details)

Gulf countries | What is the green cloud that appeared in the Emirates yesterday, and what is its relationship to large hail falls (details)

Emirates - Important | Experts in Arabia Weather reveal the chances of the country being affected by another strong rain event in the coming days

Emirates - Important | Experts in Arabia Weather reveal the chances of the country being affected by another strong rain event in the coming days