ArabiaWeather - In 2015 , the countries of the world signed a historic agreement in Paris known as the Paris Agreement, which is an agreement aimed at combating climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This agreement represented joint international efforts to address the challenges of climate change and protect the planet, and the Paris Agreement was considered a turning point. In the history of combating climate change, it brought together various countries from different economic systems and cultures.
Climate change is not just a national issue, it is a global emergency that transcends national borders; As it is an issue that requires international cooperation and coordinated efforts at the global level to address the challenges of climate change and reduce its negative impacts, as a historic agreement was reached in the city of Paris in 2015 , which became known as the Paris Agreement.
The Paris Agreement aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at the national and global levels, with the aim of limiting the rise in global global temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and seeking to achieve a better reduction limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Most countries of the world have participated in this agreement, which indicates global recognition of the importance of combating climate change. The agreement includes commitments by countries to reduce their emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change, in addition to providing financial and technical support to developing countries. The agreement aims to direct global efforts towards achieving Low carbon world.
The Paris Agreement operates on a five-year cycle to strengthen efforts in the field of climate action and increase ambitions, and in this cycle, it obliges countries to submit what is known as a Nationally Determined Contribution, or NDC , which is an updated national climate action plan that sets out the actions they will take to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and achieve goals. Paris Agreement.
These contributions include actions dedicated to reducing emissions of harmful gases and enhancing resilience to the impacts of rising temperatures. In 2023, the “first global assessment” will be conducted to assess countries’ progress towards the goals of the Paris Agreement. This assessment aims to encourage countries to take more ambitious climate action to preserve climate change. Temperature rise below 1.5 degrees Celsius .
In addition, the Paris Agreement calls on countries to formulate and submit long-term strategies to achieve long-term climate goals, and unlike NDCs, these long-term strategies are not mandatory.
The operational details for implementing the Paris Agreement were reached at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP24) in December 2018 in Katowice, Poland, known as the “Paris rulebook.” These rules were finalized at the COP26 conference in November 2021 in Glasgow, Scotland.
In this context, the COP-28 Conference of the Parties comes as an important part of the implementation of the Paris Agreement. As it is an opportunity for countries to discuss ways to enhance the implementation of the agreement and submit updated reports on their progress in achieving their climate goals, and this reflects the commitment of the international community to shift towards a world that enjoys sustainability and protects the planet from the repercussions of climate change.
At the Paris Conference, the world reached an agreement between countries on the remaining issues within the framework of what is known as the Paris Regulations, which are the operational details that aim to effectively implement the Paris Agreement. This regulation includes rules related to carbon markets, where countries struggling to achieve their emissions targets will be allowed To buy emissions reductions from other countries that have already exceeded their targets, negotiations have also been concluded on the Enhanced Transparency Framework, which provides a common time frame and agreed formats for regular reporting on progress. This aims to build confidence and reassurance that all countries are contributing their share to the effort. Global response to climate change.
As for COP28 , it is an abbreviation for “Conference of the Parties COP-28,” which represents the annual meeting of member states of the United Nations Climate Change Convention. This conference aims to follow up on the implementation of the Paris Agreement and discuss ways to strengthen efforts to combat climate change. Therefore, COP28 can be considered a complement to the Paris Agreement, as it works to translate the pledges and goals agreed upon in the Paris Agreement into concrete and practical actions.
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