Weather of Arabia - Many residents of the Jordanian capital, Amman, are surprised by the great difference in temperatures between the different regions of the capital, which appears clearly between the east of the capital, Amman, and between the western parts of it, specifically its mountainous heights, which sometimes reaches between 6-7 degrees Celsius at times, so we see the residents of the western heights of the capital less feeling the impact of the heat wave compared to the residents of Marka.
There are many factors that usually affect the temperature difference from one region to another around the world, but in the capital, Amman, we have two main factors:
The geographical nature of the capital, Amman, plays a major role in the difference in temperature from one region to another within the capital itself. The higher the region is above sea level, the less dense the air becomes, the lower the pressure and the greater the expansion of the air, which makes it colder compared to the lower regions.
Winds and terrain also play an important role in the temperature differences between the different regions of Amman. The mountainous heights west of the capital are usually more vulnerable to the milder winds coming from the Mediterranean Sea. These mountains act as windbreaks and limit the arrival of less hot air to the eastern parts of the capital. Therefore, we find the Marka region in eastern Amman more hot than other regions of the capital most of the time.
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