Arab Weather - Winter is a season in which there is a lot of sore throat, cough, cold and runny nose, and a sudden drop in temperature can increase the risk of disease, so you may need to make some changes to your diet and lifestyle to reduce your chances of getting sick due to a decrease in temperature weather.
The decrease in temperature increases the risk of infection for several reasons, and among these reasons:
1. The sudden drop in temperature reduces humidity levels, and this makes the viruses stronger, and viruses tend to stay longer and reproduce more effectively in cold temperatures, as cold temperatures provide protection for the protective layer of the influenza virus, making it stronger and less penetrable In warm, humid weather, the virus loses that hard layer and becomes softer, and thus the possibility of spreading it from one person to another is less likely.
2. Cold weather can weaken the immune response, as extreme cold leads to constriction of blood vessels, which makes it difficult for white blood cells to reach the mucous membrane as they begin to attack viruses there, and the drier air weakens the body's immune response to the arrival of the virus .
In addition, our bodies get less vitamin D in the winter due to the less sunlight and the longer time we spend indoors. Vitamin D usually helps keep our immune system functioning.
3. In cold weather, people tend to stay indoors, and viruses from colds and influenza are known to spread through the air and personal contact, and thus the gathering of people inside leads to the spread of viruses more, as a cough can spread germs up to a distance of about 2 meters, and it can Most germs live on surfaces for a while.
Rhinovirus and other cold viruses can survive for up to 7 days on interior surfaces, work surfaces or door handles. Flu viruses can generally survive about 24 hours. All viruses reproduce better on hard surfaces - metal or plastic - than on soft fabrics.
Therefore, it is advised to focus on preventing colds and influenza in the first place, and there are some simple measures to prevent colds and flu, and reduce your chances of infection due to a sudden drop in temperature:
1. Pay attention to warming the body and wear appropriate clothes in cold weather, and avoid taking warm clothes as soon as you feel a little warm, to avoid exposing the body to a sudden drop in heat, and to avoid going out in times of intense cold such as early in the morning and late in the evening.
2. Drink more warm liquids, and increase the intake of foods that boost the body’s immunity, such as foods rich in vitamin C, citrus fruits, peppers, broccoli, ginger, garlic, green leafy vegetables, curd, nuts, seeds and fatty fish. Stronger immunity is the key to preventing disease with a sudden decrease in degree the heat,
3. Humidifiers can be used at home to add more moisture to the air, and cover the nose and mouth when going out to reduce exposure to cold and dry air, as viruses reproduce in dry air.
4. Follow healthy practices regarding hygiene, and regular hand washing, as this can prevent the transmission of viruses from one person to another and stop the spread of infection. And always keep tissues to use when coughing and sneezing, as this reduces the possibility of spreading the virus through the air.