The 10 worst countries for women's rights

2024-05-28 2024-05-28T14:42:41Z
ندى ماهر عبدربه
ندى ماهر عبدربه
صانع مُحتوى

Weather of Arabia - The suffering of women in some countries is escalating to its peak in a world full of challenges and divisions, as they face enormous challenges in obtaining their basic rights and equality in society, and women’s rights continue to deteriorate in some parts of the world, with the worsening of existing conditions and the exacerbation of violations, and in these In the article, we will take an expedition into the depths of darkness to discover the 10 worst countries when it comes to women's rights.

The worst countries for women's rights:

  • Pakistan

The controversy is sparked by the discrepancy between Pakistan's ranking in the Women, Peace and Security Index 2021 and the UN Gender Inequality Index 2020, on women's rights in the country. The first index shows that Pakistan ranks 167 out of 170 countries, indicating low levels of women's financial inclusion, education and employment rates, in addition to high rates of domestic violence.

The Women and Peace Protection System explains this low rating by the disparity in women’s rights between provinces, with the lowest-ranking provinces showing four times lower performance than those with the highest classification, and this system links this to income and poverty rates within the provinces, indicating a correlation between poverty and gender inequality. .

  • Central African Republic

The Central African Republic is witnessing a noticeable improvement in women’s conditions, especially with the decline in organized violence, which has contributed to enhancing the sense of community safety, which was reflected positively in the Women, Peace and Security Index for 2021. However, there are still many challenges facing women’s rights in The country.

Overall, women in the Republic have an average of only three years of education, their representation in local parliament is less than 9%, and a high percentage of women are still exposed to violence by their intimate partners, with one in five facing violence. women.

There are some other indicators and obstacles that prevent the realization of women's rights in the country. Harmful practices such as early and forced marriage still pose a major challenge, as 61% of women between the ages of 20 and 24 were married or entered into a union before they reached the age of eighteen. Women of reproductive age face restrictions on their sexual and reproductive health and rights, exposing them to risks and challenges.

In addition, women face difficulties in accessing modern family planning resources, with only about a quarter of them able to access these resources in 2019, which demonstrates the urgent need to provide the necessary support and services to improve the health and lives of women in the country.

  • Somalia

Somalia ranks twelfth in the Women, Peace and Security Index for 2021, and although there is greater political representation of women compared to some other countries in the region, with the percentage of women in the Somali Parliament reaching 23%, it faces major challenges in other areas.

Other data provided by the United Nations shows significant gaps in achieving gender equality in Somalia, especially regarding women’s access to assets and rights, including land rights, harassment and violence against women, and the gender pay gap.

In addition, Somalia faces significant challenges with regard to underage marriage and family planning control, as more than a third of Somali women marry before the age of eighteen, and many lack access to safe family planning and birth control resources, contributing to high maternal mortality rates. in the country.

These challenges indicate the urgent need to strengthen efforts to promote women's rights in Somalia and provide the necessary support to improve their conditions and achieve sexual equality in various aspects of life.

  • Sierra Leone

In Sierra Leone, women have high rates of maternal mortality, with 1,120 out of every 100,000 women dying from complications of pregnancy or childbirth. Organizations such as Concern are working to combat this problem, and their projects contributed to partially improving the situation during the period from 2009 to 2016.

Despite efforts to combat sexual violence and gender norms that are a thing of the past, Sierra Leone faces ongoing challenges, such as the Ebola outbreak that occurred between 2014 and 2016 and has increased unplanned pregnancies among teenage girls.

Despite the relative peace that has prevailed in the country over the past decades, gender-based violence remains an unfortunate reality in many regions. Only 45.8% of women feel safe returning home at night, and most women have less than three years of education, and also suffer from harassment and violence in the school environment. In addition, female genital mutilation is common among women and girls, requiring greater efforts to combat this harmful phenomenon.

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  • Sudan

In the summer of 2019, Sudan witnessed significant developments in women’s rights, with female genital mutilation being criminalized and laws restricting their freedom of dress, movement, and labor rights being abolished. A goal has also been set for 40% representation of women in the country's transitional parliament, and these steps are considered important progress towards achieving gender equality.

Despite these positive developments, the COVID-19 pandemic has delayed some planned reforms and may hinder some efforts to advance women's rights.

In 2021, the Women, Peace and Security Index indicated that the proportion of women holding leadership positions in Parliament remains low, with only 22% of members of Parliament being led by women. Although this step is considered important progress forward, it requires continued efforts to increase Representing women in leadership and political fields to ensure greater sexual equality.

  • Chad

Chad faces significant challenges in the area of ​​women's rights, as it ranks very low on the 2020 UN Gender Inequality Index, an index that shows significant gaps in gender equality in various areas. Although the Reproductive Health Law was passed 20 years ago, challenges remain significant, including the persistence of common early and forced marriage, which exposes girls to significant health and social risks.

Since the report issued by Concern in 2015, we have seen some improvement in some indicators such as the proportion of women reporting intimate partner violence, but there is still a lot of work to be done. Education remains limited for women in Chad, with an average completion of less than two years of education, and women's political representation remains weak.

In addition, Chad suffers from the second highest maternal mortality rate in the world, an important indicator that shows the pressures women face in terms of health care and safe childbirth. These challenges call for sustained and sustained efforts to achieve improvements in the lives of Chadian women and ensure their rights and safety.

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has significant gender equality challenges, ranking very low on the UN Gender Inequality and Women, Peace and Security Indexes.

Data indicate that inequality exists across all sectors, reflecting inconsistencies in legislation and laws that may contain a level of bias towards men. Many women are exposed to violence from an intimate partner, and a large percentage of them marry at an early age, which negatively affects their lives and health.

In addition, the data shows gender inequality in education, with women appearing to move towards primary education more than men, but a smaller proportion of them continuing beyond that level. This inconsistency in education can hinder women's opportunities to obtain employment and achieve economic independence.

These challenges call for sustained and sustained efforts from the government and the international community to achieve real improvements in the lives of women in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and ensure their rights and safety.

  • South Sudan

In South Sudan, women face significant challenges due to harmful gender norms and a patriarchal culture that exclude them from decision-making and political activism. This is reflected in women's exclusion from decision-making within the family and their inadequate access to property and land rights, leading to an unequal balance of power between the genders.

According to data, South Sudan has the highest maternal mortality rate in the world, with more than one in 100 pregnant women dying due to pregnancy or childbirth complications. This reflects the lack of healthcare and difficult conditions faced by women in the country.

The most recent data ranks South Sudan with very low indicators for women's rights and security, reflecting the difficult situation women face in light of the country's long-standing conflict. The proportion of women who experience violence from their intimate partners exceeds the risk faced by women in their communities.

These challenges require immediate intervention and continued efforts to promote women’s rights and achieve gender equality in South Sudan, including enhancing cultural awareness, improving health care, and enhancing women’s participation in the decision-making process.

  • Syria

Before the outbreak of war in Syria, social dynamics were traditionally patriarchal, as women did not have the right to vote until relatively late and the proportion of women in the labor market was not high. Many Syrian women, especially in the middle class, preferred to stay at home to take care of the family, which is in line with the traditional view of marriage in society.

With the outbreak of war, many of these issues were exacerbated and complicated by the negative repercussions of the conflict. The war is one of the reasons why Syria ranks so low on the Women, Peace and Security Index, as women are at high risk of organized violence and suffer from a lack of security in their communities. Conflict-related sexual violence includes a high percentage of Syrian women who suffer from violence from their intimate partners.

It is worth noting that Syria's performance in the United Nations Gender Inequality Index was somewhat better, but some factors, such as years of education between both sexes, were negatively affected by the war, as conflicts prevented many girls and boys from obtaining basic education.

  • Afghanistan

Afghanistan faces significant challenges in the area of ​​women's rights and gender equality, with women and girls experiencing many challenges as a result of ongoing conflicts and traditional gender norms. Many Afghan women suffer from a lack of education, as their enrollment in schools is canceled after a short period, which negatively affects the level of education and financial inclusion of women in the country.

In addition, women in Afghanistan face a high risk of gender-based violence, as they are exposed to violence from their intimate partners at a high rate. Honor killings, although not illegal, still occur on a large scale and pose a major threat to women and girls.

Afghanistan needs comprehensive efforts to improve women's rights and increase gender equality, including enhancing access to education for women and strengthening their legal protection against sexual violence and honor killings. These efforts should be part of broader strategies to promote peace and stability in the country.

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Sources:

eqtisadnow

This article was written originally in Arabic and is translated using a 3rd party automated service. ArabiaWeather is not responsible for any grammatical errors whatsoever.
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