The International Astronomy Center shows the start of the month of Ramadan in Jordan and the countries that adopt the sighting of the crescent

طقس العرب GO 2022-03-29 2022-03-29T10:30:52Z
رنا السيلاوي
رنا السيلاوي
محرر أخبار - قسم التواصل الاجتماعي
The International Astronomy Center shows the start of the month of Ramadan in Jordan and the countries that adopt the sighting of the crescent

Weather of Arabia - The International Astronomy Center said that the start of the month of Ramadan in countries that adopt the sighting of the crescent, including Jordan, will be on Sunday.

 

In the details, the Center’s Director, Engineer Muhammad Shawkat Odeh, explained in a statement that most countries will investigate the crescent of the month of Ramadan on Friday, April 01, and on this day, seeing the crescent is not possible with the naked eye from anywhere in the Islamic world.

 

Shawkat explained that by using the telescope, seeing the crescent is not possible from most parts of the Islamic world, with the exception of small parts in the far west of the Islamic world, where vision needs advanced equipment and ideal weather conditions that are not usually available in those regions.

 

He explained that since the sighting of the crescent on Friday is not expected from anywhere in the Islamic world, as for countries that require local sighting or that require acceptance of sighting from another place that it does not violate the constants of science, it is expected that these countries will start the blessed month of Ramadan on Sunday, April 3rd.

 

Shawkat said that the countries that will start Ramadan on Sunday, people will notice the large size of the crescent after sunset on Saturday, which some may question the validity of the beginning of the month, and this is incorrect for several reasons, including:

First: One of the well-known rules is that if the month completes thirty days, then the crescent must be large after sunset on the thirtieth day, because the moon on the previous day is most likely within the limits of visibility. 24 hours, and its duration will increase by an additional 50 minutes after sunset. It is normal and even necessary for the crescent moon to stay long and appear large.

 

Second: In the legal definition of the day, the night precedes the day, so after sunset on the first day of the Hijri month, for example, the crescent that we see is for the next night, meaning that it is the crescent of the second night, so its size must be large in proportion to the second day of the Hijri month.

 

Third: The validity of the beginning of the month is not the size of the crescent. The size of the crescent is not an accurate criterion that can always be relied upon to determine the correctness of the beginning of the month, especially when the crescent values on the twenty-ninth day are on the limits of visibility. Rather, what is reliable is whether the crescent was sighted on the twenty-ninth or not.

 

It should also be noted that many Islamic countries do not scrutinize the testimony of witnesses very much when they testify on the days when the moon sets after the sun, and this is the case on Friday, April 1st. Circumstances, their testimony is accepted and the month begins, even if the majority of specialists agree that sighting the crescent under such conditions is not possible.

 

As for the position of the crescent on Friday, April 01, in some Arab and Islamic cities, the superficial calculations of the crescent at sunset are as follows:

  • In Amman and Jerusalem, the moon sets 16 minutes after sunset, and its age is 10 hours and 34 minutes
  • In Jakarta, the moon sets 11 minutes after sunset, and its age is 03 hours and 43 minutes
  • In Abu Dhabi, the moon sets 14 minutes after sunset, and its age is 09 hours and 5 minutes
  • In Makkah Al-Mukarramah, the moon sets 17 minutes after sunset, and its age is 10 hours and 25 minutes
  • In Cairo, the moon sets 17 minutes after sunset, and its age is 10 hours and 54 minutes
  • In Khartoum, the moon sets 18 minutes after sunset, and its age is 11 hours and 05 minutes
  • In Rabat, the moon sets 23 minutes after sunset, and its age is 13 hours and 22 minutes
  • Seeing the crescent moon in all the aforementioned areas is not possible, neither with the naked eye nor using a telescope

In order to know the meanings of these numbers, it should be noted that the minimum duration of a crescent that could be seen with the naked eye was 29 minutes, and the minimum age of a crescent that could be seen with the naked eye was 15 hours and 33 minutes, and it is not enough for the crescent’s duration and age to exceed these values to be able to see it, as seeing the crescent is It is related to other factors such as its angular distance from the sun and its distance from the horizon at the time of its observation.

 

To learn about the results of observing the crescent of the month of Ramadan, you can visit the website of the Islamic Crescent Observation Center of the International Astronomy Center on the Internet at (www.AstronomyCenter.net), where the project was established in 1998 AD and currently includes more than 1500 members of scientists and those interested in observing the new moons and calculating calendars . The project encourages those interested in various countries of the world to investigate the crescent and send the results of their monitoring to the project through its website, where they are published successively after being scrutinized and scrutinized.

 


** The attached map shows the possibility of seeing the crescent of the month of Ramadan on Friday, April 01 from all regions of the world, so that:

  • It is impossible to see the crescent from the areas located in the red color due to the setting of the moon before sunset or/and due to the occurrence of the surface conjugation after sunset.
  • It is not possible to see the crescent, neither with a telescope nor with the naked eye, from uncolored areas
  • Seeing the crescent is possible only by using the telescope from the areas in the blue color
  • It is possible to see the crescent using the telescope from the areas located in the color pink, and it is possible to see the crescent with the naked eye in the case of complete purity of the atmosphere and monitoring by an experienced observer
  • Seeing the crescent is possible with the naked eye from the areas in the green color
This article was written originally in Arabic and is translated using a 3rd party automated service. ArabiaWeather is not responsible for any grammatical errors whatsoever.

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